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The village of Nizamabad is famous for its black pottery and practically all the households in this village earn their living only by makingblack pottery. This village is also densely populated and the houses are located close together. A noteworthy feature of this village is its pathways that are paved with interlocking bricks.
During interaction, the RHD Team got to know that the clay for the pottery is procured from the nearby ponds. This clay is mixed with the excreta of goats and then formed into different shapes on the traditional potter’s wheel. Presently, the potter’s wheel is operated with electricity as and when power is available. Otherwise, it is operated manually. Thereafter, designs are etched or painted on the various objects and glossy look is given by using natural products. The objects are eventually baked in clay ovens which are heated with the help of cakes of cow dung etc. The clay ovens are covered to obtain the black colour. If the ovens are left uncovered, the objects acquire a reddish colour. A silver shine is given to the etched designs by using mercury etc. The other colours used by them are also obtained from natural products. The remarkable feature about this craft is that there is virtually no cost of production for these articles as the same are made entirely from materials available freely in the surroundings. Nevertheless, the potters are living in poor conditions because evidently they are paid only a pittance for their products.
The potters generally do not go out to sell their goods but traders come from Mumbai and Delhi to make bulk purchases from them. The potters told the RHD team that the main problem faced by them in production of their goods is that the clay ovens used by them did not have any temperature control. For lack of uniformity of temperature, very often the objects made by them are not of the desired quality. Due to uneven temperatures the objects start leaking when water / liquid is poured in them. The potters requested us to examine the possibility of making temperature controlled ovens available to them. The RHD team is looking into possibilities of this and will be checking with other parties / institutions who are involved in the production and marketing of clay pottery to find an appropriate solution.
The educational and health facilities available are highly inadequate and need to be upgraded and augmented.
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